1. Accidents caused by ground conduction from trees, which is a special feature of Kerala, add to the casualties and loss of property. 1. With the implementation of a number of irrigation projects, the idea of drought in Kerala slowly shifted to unirrigated paddy, and upland crops. The availability of all types of transport facilities viz., road, rail, canal, sea is a factor which is unique to this district. The human interventions contributing to flood problems are predominantly in the form of reclamation of wetlands and water bodies, change in landuse pattern, construction of dense networks of roads, establishment of more and more settlements, deforestation in the upper catchments etc. [5] The highlands of the region experience an annual average rainfall as high as 500 cm from the South-West, North-East and Pre-Monsoon showers. There are 34 backwaters in Kerala Lake Vembanad—Kerala's largest body of water —dominates the backwaters; it lies between Alappuzha and Kochi and is over 200 km2 in area. Lack of awareness also aggravates the situation. Nearly 2.5 lakh candidates, more than half of them rebels and non-serious candidates, will be vying to get elected to 395 local bodies in the five south and south-eastern districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha and Idukki. Irikkur, Pa… The Eastern and the Western Ghats meet in Tamil Nadu and run along the whole length of the western boundary of the state at a distance of 80 to 160 km from the Arabian Sea. Kerala is one among the smallest states of India, and it has been divided into 14 districts. Kuyilur dam was named after a king, none other than Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja. Functionally the district administration is carried on through the various Departments of the State Government each of which has an office of it… 7. Most of the districts in Kerala has the same name as the important town or city in the district. [4], The highlands of Kerala experience several types of landslides, of which debris flows are the most common. More than 2000 temples are located here. People speak Hindustani, Tulu, Urdu, Kannada, Konkani and Byari, thus giving a mix up of cultures. There are many theories surrounding ‘Kollavarsham’. These facilitate inland travel throughout a region roughly bounded by Thiruvananthapuram in the south and Vatakara (which lies some 450 km to the north). As per legends, the name ‘Palakkad’ came into existence during Sangha period, and the name was coined from a local word which means – Unused land. Vinod Kovoor – Malayalam actor and stand-up comedian best known for TV sitcoms, Marimayam and M80 Moosa, Meera Vasudevan – Indian film actress best known for her lead role in ‘Thanmathra’. The Chera kingdom consisted of a major part of modern Kerala and Kongunadu which comprises western districts of modern Tamil Nadu like Coimbatore and Salem. The rivers flow faster, owing to the hilly terrain and as the short distance between the Western Ghats and the sea. Banasura Sagar Dam – Asia’s second largest & India’s largest earth dam. Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama reached India in 1498 for trading purposes, and he landed here in Kapad. It was officially formed on 1 November 1982. [4], The Kerala coast was significantly affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. The increase in population and subsequent expansion in irrigated agriculture, and industrial growth necessitated the exploitation of more water resources. Your email address will not be published. Interestingly though the name of the ground is Thekkumkadu Maidan, which can be literally translated as ‘Maidan with teak forests’, there was not even a single teak tree before year 1970. Kerala’s single Malayalam university – Thunjath Ezhuthacchan Malayalam University is situated in Thirur of Malappuram. Through this column I shall share some of the interesting facts, and a few unknown facts about 14 districts of Kerala. Increasing floodplain occupancy results in increasing flood damages. It forms almost an unbroken wall guarding the eastern frontier and helps the people of Kerala to lead a sheltered life of their own through the centuries. The west facing Western Ghats scarps that runs the entire extent of the mountain system is the most prone physiographic unit for landslides. Although the tsunami affected parts of Kerala coast, maximum devastation was reported in the low coastal land of Kollam, Alappuzha and Ernakulam districts, particularly a strip of 10 km in Azhikkal, Kollam district. The state of Kerala is divided into 14 revenue districts. 47'.40" N and east longitudes 74°.27'.47" E and 77°.37'.12" E.[2] Kerala's climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical,[3] heavily influenced by the seasonal heavy rains brought up by the monsoon. The characteristic pattern of this phenomenon is the swift and sudden downslope movement of highly water saturated overburden containing a varied assemblage of debris material ranging in size from soil particles to boulders, destroying and carrying with it every thing that is lying in its path. This compares to the all-India average is 1,197 mm. These scarp faces are characterised by thin soil (regolith) cover modified heavily by anthropogenic activity. ''The virus is not found in poultry, it is airborne and there is no vaccine for it. In fact Malayalam calendar, also known as Kollavarsham or Kollam era was started here. 13. In those days, Vadakkunnatha Siva temple was also surrounded by dense forests. Certain peaks may reach to 2500 m. Just west of the mountains lie the midland plains, comprising a swathe of land running along central Kerala. All the rivers are entirely monsoon-fed and many of them shrink into rivulets or dry up completely during summer. It’s also called Pazhassi Dam. People living in absolute poverty [those who cannot afford US $2 a day] will not be able to … 14. As recorded by Hermann Gundert, the whole town was destroyed in fire and was reconstructed later. Alappuzha – The most beautiful district of Kerala, with greenery and backwaters, it is one of the best tourist locations of the country. The Western Ghats, bordering the eastern boundary of the State, form an almost continuous mountain wall, except near Palakkad where there is a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap. Hope you will love it. Meanwhile culling operations have been completed in both the affected districts of Kerala and post-operational surveillance programme guidelines have been issued to the state. These groups, including the Paniyars, Mooppans, Irulars, Kurumbars , and Mudugars, [5] speak their own native languages. State Highway 7 Route information Maintained by Kerala Public Works Department Length 32.8 km (20.4 mi) Major junctions From Thiruvalla To It is also known as Thiruvalla-Pathanamthitta-Kumbazha Highway.This State Highway origins and ends within the Pathanamthitta District.. India’s largest and Asia’s second largest earth dam – Banasura Sagar Dam is situated here. The famous temple festival – Thrissur Pooram is also conducted here during summer. The Kerala Backwaters region is a particularly well-recognized feature of Kerala; it is an interconnected system of brackish water lakes and river estuaries that lies inland from the coast and runs virtually the length of the state. Kollavarsham was started soon after the renovation of a Siva temple and installing of idol. Red Alert in Kerala. These include the eastern highlands (rugged and cool mountainous terrain), the central midlands (rolling hills), and the western lowlands (coastal plains). Vadakkunnatha Siva temple – Included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Geographically, Kerala roughly divides into three climatically distinct regions. A freelance writer and blogger by profession since October 2011, interested in writing over a wide range of topics. Kerala State has been divided into 14 districts, 21 revenue divisions, 14 District Panchayats, 63 taluks, 152 CD blocks, 1466 revenue villages, 999 Gram panchayats, 5 corporations and 53 municipalities. Losses to telephone communications, networked systems and electrical equipment are also very high. ‘Kettuvallam’ (a type of boat) is the cultural symbol of Alappuzha. Kerala is a state tucked away in the southwest corner of India. 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